Vietnam’s theater arts have a rich history deeply woven into the fabric of the nation. These art forms, rooted in farm life, provide a window into the cultural heritage of Vietnam. In this article, we will explore some of the fascinating folk theater traditions of this vibrant country.
Water Puppets: A Northern Delta Treasure
Water puppets are a truly unique folk theater art form originating from Vietnam’s Northern Delta provinces. This captivating art form showcases performances that revolve around the daily lives of farmers, depicting activities such as farming, fishing, weaving, and milling. These delightful shows also touch on themes of heroism and national pride.
Water puppet performances are concise and impactful, offering a glimpse into the struggles faced by laborers and their resilience in the face of natural disasters. Captivating audiences both locally and internationally, water puppets serve as a bridge, connecting Vietnam with friends from around the world.
Tuong: A Blend of Literature and Expression
Tuong, a classical theater art form unique to Vietnam, showcases a fusion of Chinese and Nom literature. Originating from China, Tuong has developed its own distinct character within the country.
This theatrical art form employs various expressions, such as casual talk, ai, pedal, and spring female, each tailored to suit the personalities of the characters. The spoken words are accompanied by different melodies and instrumental accompaniment.
Distinctive facial masks and colors are worn by the performers to differentiate the roles of the characters. For example, red signifies a loyalist, gray represents a courtier, black embodies a genuine person, and green symbolizes a ghost. Though some of the ancient Tuong plays have been lost over time, classics like Son Hau, Tam Nu Do Vuong, Dao Phi Phung, and Trung Queen Vuong still resonate with audiences.
Cai Luong: Musical Theater with a Rich Heritage
Cai Luong, a form of Vietnamese musical theater, captures the essence of opera while fusing it with the soul of music. Originating from the catwalk stage, cai luong embraces popular songs and instruments, catering to the tastes of the audience. This versatile art form has gained popularity both within Vietnam and abroad.
Though its exact origins are disputed, cai luong began to take shape on November 16, 1918, when Gia Long’s tuong was performed at the Western Theater in Ho Chi Minh City. It marked the expansion and exploration of a new style of singing.
Some of the famous cai luong works that have captured the hearts of audiences include “Magnolia Flower,” “Queen Yaksha,” “To Anh Nguyet,” and “Bao Cong.”
Cheo: A Theatrical Gem of the Northern Delta
Cheo, a vibrant and characterful theatrical art form, thrives in Vietnam’s Northern Delta region. Known for its polyphony, rich language, and imaginative storytelling, cheo draws inspiration from fairy tales, Nom stories, and elevates them through theatrical performances.
Cheo’s content delves into profound themes and encapsulates noble moral values like courage, self-sacrifice, and loyalty. Its deep thoughts and real values make it a cherished art form, reflecting the cultural heritage of Vietnam.
Epilogue: Preserving Vietnam’s Cultural Heritage
Vietnam’s national theater arts have flourished for centuries, embodying the traditional cultural richness of the country. These art forms provide insights into the lives of the Vietnamese people and deserve preservation and development.
To discover more about Vietnam’s vibrant theater arts, visit Caravansarai, your gateway to the cultural wonders of Vietnam.
(General sources: baotintuc, redsvn, sittes)